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Readings for Life is a non-profit site that publishes content for educational and teaching purposes only.

United States: Fair Use

According to the United States Copyright Office, "Fair use is a legal doctrine that promotes freedom of expression by permitting the unlicensed use of copyright-protected works in certain circumstances —such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research."

Copyright Disclaimer: under section 107 of the Copyright Act of 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, education and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing.

United Kingdom: Teaching Use & Fair Dealing

According to the UK Intellectual Property Office, "several exceptions allow copyright works to be used for educational purposes, such as: the copying of works in any medium as long as the use is solely to illustrate a point, it is not done for commercial purposes, it is accompanied by a sufficient acknowledgment, and the use is fair dealing."

‘Fair dealing’ is a legal term used to establish whether a use of copyright material is lawful or whether it infringes copyright. Factors that are relevant in determining whether a particular dealing with a work is fair include: does using the work affect the market for the original work? If a use of a work acts as a substitute for it, causing the owner to lose revenue, then it is not likely to be fair.